Database and all definitions are fine. Perhaps my fault? Solved it anyway.
When I uploaded with eclipse and had not set the project properties to Unix-linebreaks and utf-8, so I had to generate the templates, download them and save them with Unix-linebreaks and utf-8 and upload them again.
Maybe I should another thread? Working with the templates manager gives me problems with the German Umlaute. Whenever I type an Umlaut into the template manager the Umlaut will be destroyed and some funny symbols appear. Any fix for this?